Elements of a Short Story
To model the elements of a short
story we use The Storm by Kathy Henderson.
Introduce elements of a short story. Model use of graphic organizer
"story map" to hold their thinking.
- A copy of The
Storm by Kathy Henderson (find at local library)
- Student set of Story Map (link
What makes a story a good story? What things are always included in a
Elements of Short Story
Setting - time and place of action in a story.
Includes all details: year, time of day, weather. Serves as a backdrop
where the characters
Character(s) - a person or animal
that takes part in the action of the story.
Problem (sometimes called conflict) -
struggle between opposing forces which causes action in a story. Two
external: between character and outside world,
internal: character struggles with welfare (to make a decision, take
action, overcome a feeling)
Chain of Events - action of story that leads
characters to a solution.
Solution (sometimes called
resolution)- outcome of problem in the story. How did things work out?
- Students draw a line under notes.
- Teacher reads aloud the short story, The Storm, to
- Students listen and identify the parts of a short
story. Write them down on paper.
- Students share answers with class. Teacher
completes story map on overhead along with students.
- Students correct any mistakes they have made and
Find a short story. They can research via family, friends, internet,
other teachers, or books. Identify the elements by
creating a story map on own paper.
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